The Importance of Sports Participation in sports is extremely important, and should be encouraged much more. Children and young people in particular need to do sport so that they develop good habits that they can continue into adulthood. The main benefits of sport are improved health and fitness, and the development of social and communication skills. With more than a third of adults in the USA being classed as obese, and many more being overweight, it has never been more important to participate in sports.
Summary Regular physical activity is linked to enhanced health and to reduced risk for all-cause mortality and the development of many chronic diseases in adults.
Children and adolescents are more physically active than adults, but participation in physical activity declines in adolescence. School and community programs have the potential to help children and adolescents establish lifelong, healthy physical activity patterns. This report summarizes recommendations for encouraging physical activity among young people so that they will continue to engage in physical activity in adulthood and obtain the benefits of physical activity throughout life.
These guidelines were developed by CDC in collaboration with experts from universities and from national, federal, and voluntary agencies and organizations. They are based on an in-depth review of research, theory, and current practice in physical education, exercise science, health education, and public health.
The guidelines include recommendations about 10 aspects of school and community programs to promote lifelong physical activity among young people: The Surgeon General's report on physical activity and health emphasizes that regular participation in moderate physical activity is an essential component of a healthy lifestyle 1.
Although regular physical activity enhances health and reduces the risk for all-cause mortality and the development of many chronic diseases among adults 10,17,many adults remain sedentary Although young people are more active than adults are 1many young people do not engage in recommended levels of physical activity 47, In addition, physical activity declines precipitously with age among adolescents 47, Comprehensive school health programs have the potential to slow this age-related decline in physical activity and help students establish lifelong, healthy physical activity patterns 49, This report is one in a series of CDC documents that provide guidelines for school health programs to promote healthy behavior among children and adolescents These physical activity guidelines address school instructional programs, school psychosocial and physical environments, and various services schools provide.
Because the physical activity of children and adolescents is affected by many factors beyond the school setting, these guidelines also address parental involvement, community health services, and community sports and recreation programs for young people.
The guidelines are written for professionals who design and deliver physical activity programs for young people. At the local level, teachers and other school personnel, community sports and recreation program personnel, health service providers, community leaders, and parents may use the guidelines to promote enjoyable, lifelong physical activity among children and adolescents.
Policymakers and local, state, and national health and education agencies and organizations may use them to develop initiatives that promote physical activity among young people. In addition, personnel at postsecondary institutions may use these guidelines to train professionals in education, public health, sports and recreation, and medicine.
CDC developed these guidelines by reviewing published research; considering the recommendations in national policy documents; convening experts in physical activity; and consulting with national, federal, and voluntary agencies and organizations.
When possible, these guidelines are based on research; however, many are based on behavioral theory and standards for exemplary practice in physical education, exercise science, health education, and public health.
More research is needed on the relationship between physical activity and health among young people, the relationship between physical activity during childhood and adolescence and that during adulthood, the determinants of physical activity among children and adolescents, and the effectiveness of school and community programs promoting physical activity among young people.
Physical activity is "any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that results in energy expenditure Exercise is a subset of physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive" and is done to improve or maintain physical fitness.
Physical fitness is "a set of attributes that are either health- or skill-related. Specific forms of physical activity and exercise in which young people might participate include walking, bicycling, playing actively i. The places or settings in which young people can engage in physical activity and exercise include the home, school, playgrounds, public parks and recreation centers, private clubs and sports facilities, bicycling and jogging trails, summer camps, dance centers, and religious facilities.
For example, it improves cardiorespiratory endurance, flexibility, and muscular strength and endurance 1, Physical activity may also reduce obesityalleviate depression and anxietyand build bone mass density Physically active and physically fit adults are less likely than sedentary adults to develop the chronic diseases that cause most of the morbidity and mortality in the United States: All-cause mortality rates are lower among physically active than sedentary people Although more research is needed on the association between physical activity and health among young peopleevidence shows that physical activity results in some health benefits for children and adolescents.
For example, regular physical activity improves aerobic endurance and muscular strength 82, Among healthy young people, physical activity and physical fitness may favorably affect risk factors for cardiovascular disease e. Regular physical activity among children and adolescents with chronic disease risk factors is important Physical activity among adolescents is consistently related to higher levels of self-esteem and self-concept and lower levels of anxiety and stress Although the relationship between physical activity during youth and the development of osteoporosis later in life is unclearevidence exists that weight-bearing exercise increases bone mass density among young people ,Jun 29, · How to Encourage People Encouraging others is an important part of being part of a family, a group of people and a community.
Everyone is doing their best in this world and sometimes, a kindly word of encouragement can help others realize that they're not alone%(). Jun 29, · Edit Article How to Encourage People. Encouraging others is an important part of being part of a family, a group of people and a community. Everyone is doing their best in this world and sometimes, a kindly word of encouragement can help others realize that they're not alone%().
All groups involved in and affected by school and community programs to promote lifelong physical activity among young people should have the opportunity to contribute to evaluation.
Valid evaluations may increase support for and involvement in these programs by students, parents, teachers, and other school and community personnel. The benefits of physical activity are well known and well publicized.
Healthy People has determined that physical activity is one of their key interventions to improve health in America. Despite wide acceptance that physical activity is a low-cost alternative to disease treatment and prevention. That's why it's important to encourage kids to remain active even through they aren't top performers.
Whatever their fitness personality, all kids can be physically fit. A parent's positive attitude will help a child who's reluctant to exercise. Young children especially need easy access to balls, jump ropes, and other active toys. Be a role model. Children who regularly see their parents enjoying sports and physical activity are .