A small sample of recent dissertation topics, broken down by subject: An Analysis of Conversational Data Clicks in Chilean Spanish Conversation The perception of phonological variation in the York vowel system Luxembourgish-Speakers' Attitude toward Luxembourgish Dialects The acquisition of geminates in Japanese The sensitivity of the distinction between English restrictive and non-restrictive relative clauses for Chinese L2 learners Production and perception of Smiling Voice Evidential verb forms in Bulgarian Negative Polarity Items in Mandarin Chinese The extent of phonetic interference from Polish in English spoken by the Polish migrants living in Doncaster [r] production by Iraqi Arabic speakers The intonation of Punjabi English Variability of formant measurements Quality-sensitive accent in Tokyo Japanese Coordination of phonetic and visual resources in talk-in-interaction:
There is inadequate evidence of the effectiveness of facilitated communication. In a review on autism, Levy and colleagues stated that popular biologically based treatments include anti-infectives, chelation medications, gastrointestinal medications, hyperbaric oxygen therapy, and intravenous immunoglobulins.
Non-biologically based treatments include auditory integration therapy, chiropractic therapy, cranio-sacral manipulation, facilitated communication, interactive metronome, and transcranial stimulation.
However, few studies have addressed the safety and effectiveness of most of these treatments. This meta-analysis reviewed the current empirical evidence for PECS in affecting communication and speech outcomes for children with ASD. Quality of scientific rigor was assessed and used as an inclusion criterion in computation of effect sizes.
Effect sizes were aggregated separately for single-subject and group studies for communication and speech outcomes. Results indicated that PECS is a promising but not yet established evidence-based intervention for facilitating communication in children with ASD Dissertation speech language therapy 1 to 11 years.
Small to moderate gains in communication were demonstrated following training.
However, gains in speech were small to negative. Altered Auditory Feedback Devices: The SpeechEasy Anti-Stuttering Device uses delayed auditory feedback and frequency altered feedback to create the illusion of another person speaking in unison with the user.
By emulating this "choral speech" pattern, the SpeechEasy device is intended to increase fluency of persons who stutter.
The Fluency Enhancer Anti-Stuttering Device also uses digital delayed auditory feedback and frequency altered feedback that is designed for temporary use in a protocol developed by the National Center for Stuttering. However, there is a lack of evidence in the peer-reviewed published medical literature on the effectiveness of the SpeechEasy or Fluency Enhancer Anti-Stuttering Devices.
It works on an auditory feedback principle. The Fluency Master modifies vocal tone with the help of a miniature microphone positioned near the user's mastoid area. The microphone picks up vibrations conducted through bone from the user's larynx.
There is a lack of clinical evidence in the peer-reviewed published medical literature on the effectiveness and durability of results of the Fluency Master in persons who stutter. Altered auditory feedback devices are also being investigated for use in treatment of rate and rhythm dysarthria associated with Parkinson disease, transient spasmodic dysphonia, and laryngeal spasms.
However, there is a lack of scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of altered auditory feedback devices for these indications. Armson and Kiefte examined the effects of SpeechEasy on stuttering frequency, stuttering severity self-ratings, speech rate, and speech naturalness for 31 adults who stutter.
Speech measures were compared for samples obtained with and without the device in place in a dispensing setting. Mean severity self-ratings decreased by 3.
Further, complete elimination of stuttering was not associated with normalized speech rates. Nevertheless, mean ratings of speech naturalness improved markedly in the device compared to the control condition and, at 3. These results showed that SpeechEasy produced improved speech outcomes in an assessment setting.
However, findings raise the issue of a possible contribution of slowed speech rate to the stuttering reduction effect, especially given participants' instructions to speak chorally with the delayed signal as part of the active listening instructions of the device protocol. Study of device effects in situations of daily living over the long-term is needed to fully explore its treatment potential, especially with respect to long-term stability.
O'Donnell et al examined the effects of SpeechEasy on stuttering frequency in the laboratory and in longitudinal samples of speech produced in situations of daily living SDL. For each participant, speech samples recorded in the laboratory and SDL during device use were compared to samples obtained in those settings without the device.Speech and Language Therapy degree enables students to learn about working with people of all ages and types who have difficulties, or a combination of difficulties, with .
Theses/Dissertations from PDF. A Study of the Association Among the Diagnosis of Speech-Language Impairments and the Diagnoses of Learning Disabilities and/or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Pamela E. Cogswell. PDF. The College of Health Sciences offers a range of nationally accredited professional education programs in the health, rehabilitation and human service fields.
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